Course descriptions

LAW 102: Law Enforcement Systems (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: NONE

In the framework of this course, students will get acquainted with various institutions of justice in Azerbaijan. Judicial authority, systems of general and economic courts, aims, problems and main functions of the Constitutional Court of Azerbaijan will be considered during the course. It also explores the structure of other Law Enforcement Systems of Azerbaijan.


 LAW 104: Law and Society (Theory and History of State and Law) (6 ECTS )

Prerequisite: NONE

The course studies philosophical and historical characteristics of the basic concepts of State and Law, as well as legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the government. It also explores legal institutions of different European and Asian societies from the ancient and medieval times till present.  

LAW 106: Constitutional Law (6 ECTS )

Prerequisite: NONE

This course mainly explores the basis of human rights and freedoms, political and economic structure of society and the main principles of formation and activities of the state governmental bodies.  

LAW 107: Basics of Law (6 ECTS )

Prerequisite: NONE

This course provides a basic understanding of the legal system of Azerbaijan Republic. The course focus includes procedural issues in the courts and specific concepts of basic categories of law (including civil law, criminal law, family law, labor law and tax law). This course is designed for non-law students. 

LAW 108: Roman Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: NONE

This course is one devoted to understanding the principles and mechanisms of the Roman law. Students will be concerned with the emergence of the main concepts of the civil law, the development of legal thinking, and the means by which the law was applied in daily life. Major areas of the law that will be covered include the law of persons, the law of property and ownership, contracts, delicts, and ‘crime’. The development of a legal profession, of the court system, and of actions and types of litigation will also be considered. 

LAW 118: Administrative Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 106

This course studies existing administrative systems in Azerbaijan. It also explores the constitutional powers and limitations on agency action, judicial review of agencies, and the procedures with which agencies must comply in regulating or providing benefits. 

LAW 128: Islamic Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: NONE

The course studies nature of Islamic Law, its origins and historical development, the medieval schools of law modern, the evolution of the law, and its roles in Islamic religious and political thought. It also deals with the definition of Islamic Sharia’ as a source of law, characteristics of Islamic law and Islamic jurisprudence, and the relationship between Islamic law and Islamic jurisprudence. 

LAW 202: Civil Law (General Part) (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 106

The course on Civil Law is one of the main legal disciplines, the study of which is necessary for all the students of the law department. It covers general and theoretical aspects of Civil Law and discusses definite scientific institutes existing in Civil Law. Among the topics covered during the course, the following can be mentioned: principles of civil rights, bases for civil relations’ occurrence, the occurrence of civil rights and duties, a concept of property forms, etc. This course is taught in two semesters. The first part of the course is mainly about legal entities and individuals, terms in Civil Law, bargaining and torts. 

LAW 204: Criminal Law (General Part) (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 106

Criminal law course examines the traditional general issues in the substantive criminal law, including the purposes of punishment, the requirements of the act and mental state, complicity, causation, justification, an excuse. It stresses the difficulty of converting moral judgments of blameworthiness and psychological questions about deterrence into coherent positive law. This course is taught in two semesters. The first part of the course studies General Part of the Criminal Code of Azerbaijan Republic. It mainly focuses on the fundamental principles of Criminal Law, general institutions of Criminal Law, detailed analysis of specific offenses and types of sanctions. This course mainly deals with the General part of the Criminal code of Azerbaijan Republic. Topics to be covered in the course are the definition of crime and punishment, the elements, and obligations of the crime.

LAW 206: Legal English (ESP) (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: ENGL 101,102; LAW 104

This course focuses on providing students with the necessary knowledge and skills to be successful in an English-speaking legal environment.  The course covers legal vocabulary, oral and written argumentation, and public speaking. It will help students develop the language skills, legal knowledge, and confidence necessary to be successful in international careers in the field of law. 

LAW 212: Civil Law (Special Part) (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 202

The second part of the course studies contract, debt, purchase, leasing, etc. This course also explores delicts of the torts. 

LAW 214: Criminal Law (Special Part) (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 204

The second part of the course studies Special Part of the Criminal Code of Azerbaijan Republic. The aim of this course is to explore each criminal action. 

LAW 220: Family Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 106

This course focuses on the legal regulation and response to family relationships. With respect to adult relationships, topics will include marriage, with emphasis on the evolving law on divorce, the financial consequences of divorce including property division and alimony, premarital agreements, and the laws governing non-marital relationships. With respect to the status of children in the family, topics will include child custody, visitation, child support, adoption, paternity, abuse and neglect and other public law responses to child welfare.

LAW 224: Welfare Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 106

The science of Welfare itself regulates such a wide range of questions as social and legal issues connected with the citizen’s illness and physical disabilities, old age and pension provision, unemployment and receiving of social help. In the framework of the course program, a comparative analysis of the Welfare systems in Azerbaijan and other countries will be presented. 

LAW 302: Civil Process (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course covers a wide range of fundamental topics in civil procedure, including joinder of claims and parties, class actions and other aggregative litigation techniques, procedural problems of appeals, other courts, post-verdict practice, remedies, alternatives to adjudication, and selected topics of current interest. This course is strongly recommended for students planning a practice in civil litigation, managing or supervising litigation. LAW 304: Criminal Process (6 ECTS)Prerequisite: LAW 214This course provides the students with main theoretical and practical skills about Criminal Process, familiarizes with legislation about Criminal Procedure. The course also explores work principles of investigations by police department preliminary investigator, prosecutor and court to implement the norms of Criminal procedure in practice. Criminal Procedure covers the pretrial criminal process from arrest to charging decision, with emphasis on constitutional criminal procedure, criminal investigation, and criminal evidence. Arrests, searches and seizures, interrogations and confessions, lineups and identification evidence, preliminary hearings, grand jury proceedings, and indictments are considered. Criminal Procedure covers the criminal trial process and post-trial proceedings, including pretrial motions, discovery, guilty pleas, jury selection, trials, sentencing, appeals, and post-conviction relief procedures. 

LAW 305: Business Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 202

The course provides students with the knowledge of the modern business law. The course focuses on the following topics: financial law, stocks and other securities transaction contracts, property law, land use control, legal considerations in torts, contracts, corporations, bankruptcy, accounting, and law. 

LAW 306: Legal Writing (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 104

This course provides advanced training in legal writing across the range of situations typically met by the practicing lawyer and in the ways that different types of legal writing help to solve clients’ problems. This course will examine the way that practicing lawyers use writing for the varying types of tasks, which they perform. The course asks students to distinguish between the types of writing that lawyers use for transactions, litigation, statutes, and client communication and helps them to decide how to use those four types of legal writing in particular situations. Each class session will explore a factual situation that calls for a type of legal writing. Another focus of the course will be an exploration of the way that lawyers use the techniques of legal writing to solve problems. Also, the students will learn both objective and persuasive writing styles. 

LAW 308: Housing Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course is aimed to study problems connected with the use of apartment houses (flats) owned by citizens, co-operative societies or the state. Being an applied area of Law, Housing Law is closely connected with practice, where disputes of the similar nature happen very often. 

LAW 312: Introduction to Advocacy (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 302, LAW 304

This introductory course covers the theories, procedures, techniques, tactics and performance aspects of trial practice, as well as the role of the attorney in civil and criminal processes. Students conduct direct and cross examinations, introduce evidence, make opening statements and closing arguments, and participate in trials during this course. 

LAW 324: Municipal Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 106

Municipal Law is a rule of civil conduct, prescribed by the supreme power of a state. This course examines the legal and constitutional relationship of the government to the state. The main part of the course explores the nature and powers of local units of government and the legal problems confronting such units. The increased importance of regional planning and special district organization is emphasized. 

LAW 326: Agricultural Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course studies how the law affects and is affected by agriculture, land and production credits, including agricultural leases and security interests in farm products; anti-corporate farming laws; state regulation of production, distribution, and marketing of crops and livestock; agricultural co-operatives; legal mechanisms promoting the preservation of farmland. 

LAW 330: Competition Law (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 106

Competition law is a law which seeks to promote competition and prohibit unfair trade practices in the marketplace and generally encompasses antitrust and consumer protection laws.By the end of the course, students will have gained a good understanding of the general competition law principles. 

LAW 340: Criminology (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 214

Criminology is a social-legal science, which studies a crime, its reasons, and circumstances in which it occurs. This course presents an examination of the field of criminology, including its theories, basic assumptions, and definitions. Among the topics covered the following can be mentioned: research design for criminological studies with an emphasis on data collection methods and measurement of validity and reliability, use of statistical techniques in criminology aimed at familiarizing students with the nature and utility of qualitative fieldwork in various areas of criminological research. 

LAW 400: Legal Clinics (Criminal Law) (6 ECTS)

Prerequisite: LAW 304

This clinical option provides a mechanism for students to earn academic credit for experiential learning done in conjunction with a classroom course. Students engage in activities that allow them to study the law and theory learned during the course of a practice-related experience. Students get experience in representing the clients in criminal cases. Conducted under the supervision of clinical faculty, students are responsible for all aspects of representation, including presentations in court. 

LAW 402: Legal Clinics (Civil Law) (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 302

Students represent clients in a variety of civil matters. These include domestic cases, such as the dissolution of marriage, custody, support, paternity, and domestic violence; housing controversies; consumer problems; challenges to administrative decisions of state; and a variety of other general civil problems. 

LAW 404: Patent Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

It explores basic principles of Patent Law. Topics include philosophical and public policy considerations underlying Patent Law; requirements for the patentability; operations of Azerbaijan’s Patent Office, including applying for patents procedures; patent applicants’ duties of candor, disclosure to patent office, and consequences for failing to discharge those duties; infringements of patents, including analytical framework for determining whether a patent is infringed; remedies for patent infringement. 

LAW 406: Arbitration Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 302

This course will focus on legal and procedural aspects of arbitration agreements and the conduct of arbitration proceedings in Azerbaijan. The course will provide students with an understanding of the law of arbitration as it relates to drafting enforceable agreements to arbitrate virtually any civil claim that can be heard by a court of law. The course will also provide students with an in-depth view of the arbitration process itself, including the filing of an arbitration claim, selecting arbitrators and how to conduct the arbitration proceeding itself. 

LAW 408: Labor Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course studies Labor Law – one of the branches of Law, which is aimed to regulate labor relations between employer and employee. The course analyses in comparative perspective legal mechanisms of employees’ social protection formed as a result of the influence of labor legislation norms’ system.

LAW 410: Election Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 106

This course mainly focuses on the ways in which laws governing the political process affect and reflect political power relationships. Right to vote, reapportionment, political parties, bribery, campaign finance, incumbency and ballot propositions are main topics to be covered during the course. 

LAW 416: Health Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

A survey of health law which will include coverage of issues selected from some or all of the following areas: patient access to health care services; the organization of health care delivery systems and the prominent rise of managed care; public and private health care insurance; quality of care issues including regulation, licensure and legal liability of hospitals and healthcare providers; antitrust issues related to health care financing and organization; and bio-ethical dilemmas in law and medicine. 

LAW 430: Forensic  Expertise (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 304

This course is the part of Criminalistics that mainly explores the implementation of the field. The aim of the course is to develop both practical and theoretical skills of the students in this area of law. Topics to be studied include: how to implement and define Court medical expertise, right evaluation of the results of expertise and others. 

LAW 432: Court Psychiatry (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 304

This course mainly deals with the role of lawyers and psychiatrists in the handling of the mentally ill within the legal process, the civil and criminal commitment processes, insanity and automatism defenses, and mental illness as it relates to legal capacity. 

LAW 448: Criminalistics (6 ECTS) 

On the basis of its own scientific researchers and elaboration, criminalistics provides investigators, operatively investigating workers and experts with well grounded and scientifically checked means, ways and methods to investigate and disclose the most complicated crimes.

LAW 502: Contract Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course will examine major legal concepts that lawyers might face in their professional activities.  It will mainly focus on basic notions of contract law, offer and acceptance, employment contracts, business organizations, taxation of various contracts, dispute resolution mechanisms, and transactions involving intellectual property rights. Students will read and analyze the sources of contract law, including both judicial decisions (case law) and statutes. 

LAW 504: Crimes Against Personality (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 214

This course studies personal crimes clearly distinguished among others with their great threat to society, to the system of crimes according to legislation in force, to the legal analysis of the norms against life, health, honor, and dignity, as well as sexual freedom and sexual immunity and issues related to judicial experience. 

LAW 506: Crimes against Property (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 214

According to the acting Criminal Code of Azerbaijan Republic, all encroachments to any kind of property are punished by the Law. This course covers questions connected with crimes against state, municipal and private property. 

LAW 508: Advocacy (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 302, LAW 304

This lawyering skills course gives students an orientation to and constant practice in most basic pretrial and trial advocacy skills areas. Topics include taking and defending depositions, motion practice, trial evidence, opening statements, direct and cross-examination, and closing arguments. The main aim of this course that skills are best acquired in an experiential manner by seeing and doing. 

LAW 510: Financial Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course studies all financial institutes of Azerbaijan Republic. Financial and legal norms regulate legal relationships emerging in such spheres as state’s financial policy, tax system, practical activity of the financial bodies and their jurisdiction, etc. Legal relationships which are regulated by this branch of law are based not on the subjects’ equality of rights which is pointed out in Civil Law, but on the principles of administrative subordination. 

LAW 512: Commercial Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course provides an introduction to the concepts and methods of commercial law. It will also introduce students to the creation, transfer, and enforcement of negotiable instruments (e.g., checks and promissory notes) and the creation, priority and enforcement of security interests in personal property. 

LAW 514: Tax Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course also intends to develop knowledge on the basics of tax law, the type of taxes and their collection rules. The course will cover the nature and structure of administrative agencies and where they fit in our Separation of Powers scheme; the forms that agency action might take, both formal and informal means used by the legislative, judicial, and executive branches to control and review what agencies do; and the constitutional constraints that limit agency action. It also considers normative questions about the legitimacy and accountability of government agencies in our constitutional system. 

LAW 520: Penology (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 214

This course is concerned with the evolution of systems of punishment and the effect of prison on inmates, their families, and correctional officers. It also studies the processes devised and adopted for the punishment, repression, and prevention of crime, and the treatment of prisoners. 

LAW 526: Education Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 106

This course will examine current legal problems of elementary/secondary education in both public and private schools. Topics to be discussed include the state’s constitutional power over education, the authority of state and local school boards through which the state provides and regulates education, compulsory education, homeschooling, curriculum control, hiring and terminating teachers, disciplining students, student and teacher freedom of expression, students with disabilities, allocation of educational resources among school districts, and the government’s role in education. 

LAW 536: Conflict of Laws (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 302, LAW 304

The subject of conflict of laws addresses three questions: Which country should hear the case? What law should be applied? What is the effect of its adjudication in another country? This course includes an outline of jurisdiction and judgments techniques but will focus on problems in choice of law, and issues in the exclusion of foreign law. Coverage includes problems in contract and torts, and other areas may be selected from time to time. This course is complementary to International Commercial Litigation, but it stands on its own as an introduction to theories and methodologies in the conflict of laws. 

LAW 542: Gender and Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 156, LAW 104

An exploration of the ways in which law is used both to advance gender equality and to institutionalize gender-based discrimination. At its core, the course aims to explore the construction of gender and sexuality as reflected in and by the legal process. Topics covered will include: the right to “sexual privacy”; gender and sexuality; legal responses to “sexual speech” and “identity speech”; sexuality and gender in education; gender-based asylum; the changing definition of family; cultural and religious practices and gender; and gender and human rights. Although primarily a course on Azerbaijan jurisprudence, the course will also incorporate international perspectives. 

LAW 546: Natural Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 104

This course is a historical examination of the development of legal philosophy from ancient times to the contemporary period. It begins with a detailed examination of Aristotle’s work on justice and his concept of how political life should be organized in the ideal state. It then turns to an examination of the various schools of natural law and of the areas in which natural law philosophy enters into contemporary legal thought. The course devotes substantial time to the development of modern legal positivism, as reflected in the work of John Austin, and to the various types of legal philosophy that have been derived from the legal positivism, such as legal realism and contemporary work exploring the basic analytical structure of the legal system. The purpose of the course is to give the student the historical and philosophical background to engage in discussions of contemporary jurisprudential issues. 

LAW 548: Entrepreneurship Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course introduces civil and legal regulation of entrepreneurship relations, entrepreneurship activity, its regulation and reforms directed to entrepreneurship development. It also reviews and analyzes entrepreneurship concepts that can be directly applied to the practice of law. 

LAW 602: Labor Disputes Resolution (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 408

This course studies reasons and conditions of labor disputes (economic, social, legal, etc.), the order of judicial and pre-judicial resolving of conflicts connected to the organization and use of hired labor. This course is a survey of the law of labor relations; it is designed to provide the student with an acquaintance of the more important problems of labor law but not with a comprehensive coverage of the entire field. The course will also examine some aspects of arbitration and the law relating to the enforcement of collective bargaining and will include some discussion of the relationship between law and politics in administrative agencies. During the course, students get an opportunity to discuss all existing problems between employer and employees. 

LAW 604: Environmental Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course studies the role of the legal system in addressing problems of environmental disruption, with special emphasis on air, water, hazardous waste pollution and ecological culture. 

LAW 606: Intellectual Property Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

This course surveys the legal principles and management of intellectual property, including trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, and patents. It also focuses on the counseling considerations that surround the exploitation of intellectual properties in foreign markets through licensing, litigation, or both. It also surveys the principal legal systems and international treaty arrangements for copyright, patent, trademark, and neighboring rights, as well as questions of jurisdiction, territoriality, national treatment, and choice of law. 

LAW 608: Property Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

The course will examine all major property law concepts, including real and personal property rights such as easement and usufructs. Also, this course will review mortgage and pledge rights. 

LAW 610: Torts (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

The course explores strict liability and its extensions, alternatives to the torts compensation system, and the impact of insurance and legislation on the common law of torts are also considered. It covers selected topics from the following types of harm to dignitary and relational interests: interference with reputation, business relationships, political relationships, family relationships, and right to privacy. 

LAW 616: Theoretical Problems of Punishment in Criminal Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 214

Punishment is a measure of person’s compulsion from the side of a state to a certain law-obeying behavior. There exist many measures of punishment. Criminal punishment is a special and the most severe kind of a punishment. The course studies punishment in criminal law as a social tool and legal institute aimed to prevent new crimes. 

LAW 618: Evidence (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 304

This course in the law of evidence aims to give students a thorough understanding of the basic principles in this field of law. Among the topics considered are relevance, authentication, best evidence rule, hearsay, examination, and impeachment of witnesses, privileges, the burden of proof, presumptions, and judicial notice and the functions of judge and jury. Evidence rules constrain proof at criminal and civil trials. It also explores related case law and constitutional concepts that limit proof at criminal trials.

LAW 624: Corporate Governance (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 118

Corporate governance is a system of relationships, defined as the structures and processes for the direction and control of companies. This course is considered for business and legal audience. The goal of the course is to improve the corporate governance practices in Azerbaijani joint stock companies, including commercial banks, thereby assisting them to gain access to capital. This course introduces students to the ongoing convergence of the corporate and capital market laws of various jurisdictions, and to the role of international law and international organizations in that process. 

LAW 626: Real Estate Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 212

Real estate law includes all of the areas of law of common concern to the typical real estate practitioner and investor-consumer. Among topics covered are the law of agency as applied to real estate brokers and salespersons, the law of fixtures, freehold, and leasehold, estates, conveyance of real estate and real estate managers. 

LAW 628: Proceedings in the First and Appellate Court Instances (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 304

This course explores the processing of cases in the court. The course also covers issues such as a sentence, verdict, appeal, protest and other activities of the Court. 

LAW 630: Proceedings in Supreme Court (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 304

This course studies the activity of Supreme Court and how to refer to the Court of Cassation for the complaint and protests. The course also focuses on plenum activity of the court. 

LAW 634: Preliminary Inquiry (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: LAW 304

The preliminary inquiry is a stage of criminal procedure aimed at quick and full disclosure of crimes. This course studies structure and functions of bodies of preliminary inquiry as well as basic principles of this stage. 

INTLAW 156: Comparative Constitutional Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: NONE

This course studies a fundamental branch of Law - Constitutional Law, using methods of comparative analysis. Theory, law, and practice of the Constitution, including legislative, executive and judicial institutions in various countries, as well as constitutional law notions such as the rule of law, constitutional amendment, and fundamental rights and freedoms will be studied during the course. The course will also analyze in comparative perspectives organization of governments, their functioning, legal freedom of social organizations and individuals on the base of the constitutional systems of various countries. It also introduces the principal aspects of judicial review, separation of powers, federalism, equality, and fundamental rights. 

INTLAW 168: Comparative Administrative Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 156

This course is based on a comparative method of various legal systems’ study in the sphere of Administrative Law. During the course-specific types of public administration carried out by the bodies of executive power in political, administrative, economic, social and cultural spheres are studied. It also considers the role of administrative agencies in the scheme of government, constitutional limitations on agency action, and analysis of agency functions; emphasizing informal procedures and placing formal procedures of investigation, rule-making, and hearings in perspective. 

INTLAW 252: Comparative Civil Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 156

The course on Civil Law is one of the main legal disciplines, the study of which is necessary for all the students of the law department. This course is divided into two main parts. The first part covers general and theoretical aspects of Civil Law in comparative perspectives. The second part discusses definite scientific institutes existing in Civil Law. Among the topics covered during the course, the following can be mentioned: principles of civil rights, bases for civil relations’ occurrence, the occurrence of civil rights and duties, concept of property forms in world civil law systems. 

INTLAW 254: Comparative Criminal Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 156

This course considers the basic themes of substantive criminal law, including criminal responsibility, the significance of the act, intent, causation and result, justification and excuse, and the rationale of punishment. General doctrinal principles of the criminal law and illustrative crimes are studied, usually including the following topics: defenses, insanity, attempts, conspiracy, and aspects of the law of homicide and rape. The course considers also constitutional principles of criminal justice. Among the topics that may be studied are search and seizure, the privilege against compulsory self-incrimination, the right to counsel, plea-bargaining, aspects of a trial, and sentencing. 

INTLAW 256: Law of International Organizations (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 258

The course is intended to examine the principal issues concerning organizations composed of states. These include the legal status and powers of organizations, membership, and participation, dispute settlement, enforcement of decisions, peace and security activities, and protection of human rights. The course will consist of three major parts: the UN, European Union, and the Council of Europe and OSCE. 

INTLAW 258: International Public Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 156

This course introduces to the students the basic legal concepts and principles governing state behavior in the international order, the nature and sources of international law, the law of treaties, sovereignty of states and recognition of statehood, jurisdiction, immunities, and responsibility. It also examines substantive international legal obligations regarding the law of the sea, human rights, refugees/asylum seekers and international criminal law. 

INTLAW 262: Human Rights (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 156

This course examines the law, theory, and practice of international human rights. It is designed to provide students with an informed and critical perspective on international instruments, intergovernmental organizations, and domestic legal arrangements related to the articulation and implementation of human rights. Topics will include the origins and theory of global human rights; the relationship between human rights norms and issues of state sovereignty; the universal or culturally particular nature of human rights; connections between civil, political, social, and economic rights; transnational strategies associated with implementation and enforcement; and institutional remedies in response to massive human rights violations. This course focuses on the developing law of international human rights, with an emphasis on international human rights agreements, international and regional human rights courts and tribunals, and international human rights organizations, both governmental and non-governmental. 

INTLAW 264: International Environmental Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 156

This course will provide the students with a basic background in some of the major legal issues in contemporary IEL. It will examine topics such as customary international environmental law, legal and institutional frameworks of IEL, and other general topics. It also examines more specific legal issues in the field of IEL, such as transboundary (cross-border) pollution, the marine environment, hazardous waste and toxic materials and the relationship between trade and environmental law. 

INTLAW 352: Comparative Civil Process (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 252

The course focuses on approaches to such matters as service of process, joinder, preliminary motions, multiple claims and parties, amendments, discovery, directed verdicts, summary judgment, res judicata, and collateral estoppel in comparative perspectives. 

INTLAW 354: Comparative Criminal Process (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 254

This course focuses on the works of inquiry bodies, bodies of the preliminary investigation, public prosecutors, and courts on excitation, investigation, examination, and settlement of criminal cases. The course will be concentrated on the following issues: legal status of suspected, accused, lawyer, a victim, witnesses, the civil claimant, the respondent, etc. Knowledge obtained during this course will help to fight effectively criminality, defend rights and legal interests both of the state and its concrete subjects. Basic questions, defining the order of activities of investigation bodies, a public prosecutor and court are studied in comparison with the criminal procedure systems of USA, UK, France, and Turkey. 

INTLAW 356: International Economic Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 258

The first half of the course introduces essential principles of economic institutions and transactions at the international level, including the law relating to the IMF, GATT, and World Bank. In the second half of the course the following topics will be covered: subsidies, trade-related intellectual property, regional economic integration, preferential and commodity trading, sovereign debt and environmental issues in international trade. 

INTLAW 362: International Private Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 258, INTLAW 252

The aim of the course is to impart knowledge relating to taking international jurisdiction, choice of law, and recognition of foreign judgments in cases involving a foreign element; to gain experience of purposive interpretative approaches to international and European conventions aimed at harmonization of private international law. The course also intends to develop an understanding of the concepts of international jurisdiction, recognition of foreign judgments, choice of law issues in the law of obligations, family law, and the law of property. 

INTLAW 368: Diplomacy Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 256, INTLAW 258

A system of Diplomacy Law corresponds with the main forms of diplomacy: bilateral diplomacy, which is carried out through diplomatic representatives or special missions, multilateral diplomacy and permanent representatives at the international organizations, etc. Diplomacy Law is a branch of International Law, which represents a totality of norms, regulating status and functions of the external relations’ state bodies. 

INTLAW 372: International Criminal Law (6 ECTS) 

Prerequisite: INTLAW 156

This course explores the sources and the objectives of international criminal justice, as well as study institutions of international criminal law like war crimes tribunals. Crimes designated as falling under the jurisdiction of international criminal courts, questions of command responsibility, superior orders, unique procedural issues, and alternatives such as truth commissions will all be carefully treated. It also explores the application of domestic and international law to questions of jurisdiction over international criminal activities, granting of amnesty to persons responsible for international crimes, international cooperation in criminal matters, the substantive international law as contained in multilateral treaties concerning war crimes and terrorism, and the permanent International Criminal Court.

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