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For Syllabi of the current semester click here


Course Description

BIO101: General Biology (3 credits)

This course is designed to familiarize the students with three important aspects of biology at an introductory level. The first part deals with cellular organization: cell structure, chemical constituents, cellular respiration and photosynthesis, control of cellular activity, and the role of the nucleus and cytoplasm. The second part deals with basic concepts in genetics. The third part deals with biological activity at the level of the organism: structure and function of body parts, response of the organism to tits biological and physical environments, biological rhythms, and behavior. The process of evolution is also covered.


BIO203 Cytology, histology and embryology (3 credits)

Prerequisite: BIO 101

This course is composed of 3 related sciences.  The first is structural and functional analysis of the nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments of the cell with emphasis on the microscopic and submicroscopic structure of muscle, nerve, secretory and sensory ceils. Histology focuses on microstructures of the human body and their related functions, and is divided into general histology that studies the cell and intracellular matrix of the 4 basic types of tissue, and special histology that studies how the tissues constitute the organs in various systems. Embryology mainly concerns the developmental processes and mechanism of a human being, and is divided into general embryology that studies the formations and development of germ cells, fertilization and early development of a human embryo, and special embryology that studies the formation and malformations of different organs. The teaching program of cytology, histology and embryology includes lectures and laboratory practices.


BIO217: General Plant Biology (anatomy and plant physiology) (3 credits)

This course is the basic introductory lecture and laboratory course designed especially for Biological Sciences and Education Department majors. This course introduces the student to the basics of plant biology including plant anatomy and plant morphology, physiology, metabolism, reproduction and ecology. This course covers cell and tissue types, development of primary and secondary tissues, and structure of vegetative organs with emphasis on angiosperms. The course continues with an introduction to plant physiology of higher plants with emphasis on biochemical, cell biological and molecular aspects of how plants function. Unique aspects of regulation of plant metabolism including photosynthesis, respiration, growth and stress responses are emphasized. Introduces concepts of structure-function relationships, aspects of organismal maintenance, environmental response, growth, and reproduction are related to structure, and comparisons made between specializations in representative plants. The laboratory exercises are designed to study plant processes such as respiration, photosynthesis, tropisms, and secondary metabolite accumulation.


BIO222: Systematical Zoology (3 credits)

This course provides an overview of the invertebrate and vertebrate animals, including sponges, cnidarians, flatworms, nematodes, annelids, mollusks, arthropods, echinoderms, minor protostome and deuterostome groups, invertebrate chordates, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Lectures cover various aspects of the biology of animals, including animal classification and phylogeny, anatomical structure and function, behavior, biogeography and roles in the environment. Laboratory practical work emphasizes observation and investigation of living and preserved specimens, including some dissection. Independent projects are encouraged to improve research skills.


BIO301 Biochemistry (3 credits)

This course studies the biochemical features of the proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins of the human organism. Biochemistry covers also mechanism of the influence and application of hormones produced by endocrine glands. It studies mechanism of the influence of enzymes and their role in medicine. The biochemical aspects of the biological oxidation, oxidative phosphorylation, the metabolism of the carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids are discussed.


BIO304 Stem Cell Biology (3 kredit) 

 Stem cell biology describes the various fundamental and applied aspects of biology and medicine, including the development, regeneration, reparation and cancerogenesis. The course focused on the following main topics: totipotency, pluripotency and multipotency; replacement of the developmental programs of stem cells; classification of stem cells; types and capabilities of embryonic and adult stem cells; purchase and storage of stem cells; stem cell therapy of various diseases; the bioethical and legal issues arising during the using of stem cells.


BIO312: Human anatomy (3 credits)

This course covers the teaching of macroscopic structure of the human body according to systems. During the course the information about the anatomical structure, their topography, age features, blood and nerve supply of the organs that include to the locomotor apparatus, muscular system, digestive system, respiratory system, urogenital apparatus, endocrine system, immune system, nervous system, sense organs, integumentary system, cardiovascular system will be done. The teaching program of human anatomy includes lectures and laboratory practices.


BIO321: Systematical Botanics (3 credits)

This course covers basic and contemporary systematic principles and methods as applied to plants, including classification, identification skills, phylogenetics, and surveys of important families of major groups of plants via lectures and lab practice. The course continues with introduction to plant morphology including eukaryotic algae, fungi, bryophytes, and vascular plants to (typically) a phylum to ordinal level.  Emphasis is on comparative morphology and life cycles. The theoretical foundations of plant taxonomy and the types of evidences used in constructing plant classification and identification procedures are explained. Students are expected to achieve the following objectives after successfully completing the course: describe a plant using botanical terms, learn key characteristics for identification of important families of ferns, allies, conifers and other flowering plants, recognize large and common families of flowering plants. 


BIO365 Human and animal physiology (3 credits)

The course will cover the major functions of various human and mammalian animals. During the course the following topics will discussed: nervous, endocrine, respiratory, circulatory, metabolic, muscle, and renal systems; both individually and the integration of their functions.  


 BIO403: Molecular Biology (3 credits)

An introductory course covering the structure and properties of macromolecules, their interactions, organization of genes, ions chromosomes, replication and transcription of genetic material, protein synthesis and genetic engineering techniques.


BIO404: Genetics and Selection (3 credits)

The course will cover the basics of Mendelian and molecular genetics with a focus on the structure, function and evolution of the human genome. Selection is study about the making of new plant and animal sorts, microorganism’s stamms and also improving of existing sorts. During the course the major principles of genetics and selection will be instructed.


BIO412 Central Nervous System (3 credits)

The course will cover of morphology of the central nervous system. The central nervous system controls the functions of different system and apparatus of the organism, the movement, digestion, respiration, excretion, blood and lymph circulations, the metabolic processes and etc. Also, central nervous system communicates the organism with external environment. During the course the morphofunctional features of all parts of the central nervous system will be instructed. 


BIO434 Microbiology (3 credits)

 This course has been devoted to study of microbiology as one of the basic divisions of biology. General microbiology is includes the morphology, classification, physiology, genetics and ecology of the microorganisms. During this course will teach the morphology and classification of microscopic primitives, mushrooms and viruses. Information about an antibiotics, infection and immunity will be given.


EDU409 Teaching Methods of Biology

The  course is very important in theoretical-methodological traininigs of biology teachers. The major aim to provide of pedagogical skills of future biology teachers, instruct the using of modern interactive in biology teaching, base the relation between the developing and educative purposes, formation of knowledge and skills.